Gautamiputra Satakarni The Raja-Raja
Gautamiputra Satakarni was a ruler of the Satavahana Empire in present-day Deccan region of India. He ruled in the 2nd century CE, although his exact period uncertain. His reign is dated variously: 86-110 CE, c. 103-127 CE, or 106-130 CE. The information available about Gautamiputra Satakarni comes from his coins, the Satavahana inscriptions and the royal genealogies in the various Puranas. The best known of these is the Nashik prashasti (eulogy) inscription of his mother Gautami Balashri, which credits him with extensive military conquests. Historical evidence suggests that Gautamiputra revived the Satavahana power after a decline caused by Shaka invasions. Information about the Satavahanas comes from the Puranas, some Buddhist and Jain texts, the dynasty’s inscriptions and coins, and foreign (Greek and Roman) accounts that focus on trade. The information provided by these sources is not sufficient to reconstruct the dynasty’s history with absolute certainty. As a result, there are multiple theories about the Satavahana chronology.