Forest Fire and Climate Change Challenges and Solutions
A new research by Monash University has revealed that the incidence of forest fires is increasing due to climate change. Climate change is not only affecting the fire season. In addition, it is affecting physical and mental health as well. Fire incidents are becoming common all over the world. Recently, during 2019-20 there was a huge fire in the forests of Australia, due to which forests spread over 1,86,000 square kilometers were burnt. Similarly, in 2019-20, a large area in the Amazon of Brazil was engulfed by fire. The fires in the western US and British Columbia in 2018 and 2020, as well as Canada in 2017-18, are prime examples. On the one hand, due to the changes in the climate, there is a continuous change in the rainfall pattern. At the same time, the incidence of drought is also increasing. At the same time, the global temperature is also increasing continuously. As a result of which trees, plants and vegetation are rapidly catching fire. Which is affecting not only biodiversity, but it is also affecting human health. While the death toll due to burns is increasing, the smoke emanating from it is affecting the body as well as the mind. Most of the forest fires are anthropogenic. Often the shepherds set fire to the forests to grow better fodder for the animals, but sometimes the fire goes out of control. Usually more than 90 percent of the incidents of forest fire in Uttarakhand are man-made, often by hill villagers sometimes in the adha (post-harvest waste of wheat), kala bansa (shrub growing in the forests) and sometimes in the forests of Uttarakhand.