Male Mosquito: A Zaddy and Subaltern Sex in the Disease Epidemiology and Control
The Male Mosquito is a unique subject; thought-provoking and innovative. The male mosquitoes, which are generally considered of little or no use to humankind, directly or indirectly, are dealt with in great details to dig out their practical utility in controlling the deadly and incapacitating mosquito-borne diseases. In turn, male mosquitoes have emerged as a highly dependable tool in eliminating their far more obnoxious counterparts, the female mosquitoes. In fact, a great degree of biological knowledge about the female mosquitoes originate from the male mosquitoes only. The evolutionary development of genitalia, retention for long enough through millions of years their vegetative feeding as well as their experimental use as a carrier of lethal gene (RIDL) or bio-tool agent (Wolbachia spp.) are some of the new pieces of knowledge gained via male mosquitoes. Male mosquitoes are also pharmacologically important as their saliva contain anesthetic elements which may be exploited in future for man s own benefit. In brief, female mosquito s own identity is due to their counterparts, the male mosquitoes which have specific genetalial traits. Generally, mosquitoes have a 2n=6 chromosome complement, with male mosquitoes being heterogametic. Thus, males are differing from females in having a Y-chromosome, in addition to an X chromosome which is common to both sexes (Females have two XX). Recently identification of male genes in the Y-chromosome has further opened up a new chapter in questing for novel genetically advanced vector control mechanisms and processes. The book, Male Mosquito , a unique treatment of its kind ever, is full of novel information which make it an interesting read, almost a vade mecum for a serious researcher. Reading the book one will feel growing au fait about the mosquito biology a subject so vital to innovate vector control methodologies and technologies. Here, the author offers his yet another magnum opus in as far as a healthy food for thoughts is concerned. Contents: Preface. Foreword. 1. The Mosquito. 2. Mosquito Biology: Males v/s Females. 3. Taxonomy, Zoogeography and Biology. 4. Mouthparts of Mosquitoes: Males vs Females. 5. Salivary Glands and Saliva Characteristics: Males vs Female Mosquitoes. 6. Antennal Sensorial Organs in Mosquitoes: Males vs Females. 7. Genitalia of Mosquitoes: Males vs Females. 8. Reproductive Behaviour of the Male Mosquito. 9. Food and Feeding Mechanisms of Mosquitoes: Males vs Females. 10. Mosquitoes' Sex Determining Mechanisms: Males vs Females. 11. Gut Microbiota of Mosquitoes and Phylosymbiosis: Males vs Females. 12. Male Mosquito Hormones: Male vs Females. 13. Sexing Out Males and Females. 14. Male-Specific Genome: The Sequence of a Region Containing the Sex Determination Switch in Aedes Aegypti. 15. Male Mosquito-Based Applied Biomedical Significance Including Vector Control Strategies. References.